Prepare your text, in Word (.DOC file).
Prepare your graphics.
Illustrations: The preferred figure formats are JPEG/TIFF. For halftones, please use TIFF format. The file name (one file for each figure) should include the figure number. Figure legends should be included in the text and not in the figure file.
Scan resolution: Scanned line drawings should be digitized with a minimum resolution of 800 dpi relative to the final figure size. For digital halftones, 300 dpi is usually sufficient.
Color illustrations: Store color illustrations as RGB (8 bits per channel) in TIFF format. Color images will be printed only on recommendation of the Editor-inChief.
Vector graphics: Fonts used in the vector graphics must be included. Please do not draw with hairlines. The minimum line width is 0.2 mm (i.e., 0.567 pt) relative to the final size. If you are unable to embed your figures in the text document, then upload the figures separately as .GIF, .JPEG, .EPS, .TIFF, .PPT or .XLS files. Each figure must be labelled with a figure number.
To ensure accurate conversion of characters, standard fonts such as Times New Roman, Ariel or Helvetica should be used for preparing the text and figures.
Symbol font should be used to convert Greek characters and other non-standard characters such as the degree symbol.
The following should be provided during the submission process:
The names of four suggested referees, together with their institutions, telephone numbers and email addresses. Please add the relevant areas of expertise and indicate their suitability as referees, in brackets, after the names. Do not suggest scientists based in your own institution or close collaborators elsewhere, as they will not be approached.
The editors will check the standing of the referees in their stated fields by reference to PubMed and other public databases.
A covering letter of submission (giving the postal, fax, and e-mail addresses of the corresponding author) should be sent with the manuscript file.
Evidence of submission of sequences to a databank.
Approval of citation of any personal communications.
Any unpublished papers that are cited must be uploaded for referees to access. An electronic copy of any related paper under consideration or in press elsewhere must also be submitted to facilitate evaluation by the referees. Failure to do this may delay the review process.
Any other supplementary material (see below)
Authors must include a statement in the Acknowledgement section concerning any information about conflicts of interest and financial support received for their research.
Submission of a revised manuscript
Submit the revised manuscript online sending to
following the instructions provided in the editorial decision letter as a DOC file.
Authors should strictly follow the journal's format while preparing the manuscript to avoid delays in processing. Manuscript must be typeset using 12 point font size with at least 1.5 line spacing on A4 size paper and should have at least 2.5 cm margin on all sides. Manuscript should be submitted as a single file as MS Word document.
Arrangement of Manuscript
MS should be arranged as indicated below.
The title should be typeset in sentence case, followed by authors name(s) in the next line followed by their institutional affiliations as separate lines. The corresponding author should be indicated with an asterix. This should be followed by e-mail address of the corresponding author.
Abstract and Keywords
Each paper should have an abstract not exceeding 300 words and should concisely report objective, methodology and results. An abstract should briefly describe the results and conclusion within 300 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. Abstract should be followed by not more than 6 key words that reflect the theme of the paper.
The text should be type set with Introduction in the beginning followed by Materials and methods, Results and discussion, Conclusion and Acknowledgement (if any) and References, in that order. Material and methods should be precise and without any ambiguity indicating details of sampling methods, replicates and relevant statistical analyses. Scientific nomenclature should be mentioned for all biological names at their first appearance. Vernacular names like pulav, kabab, kofta, etc. should be in italics and briefly described at their first use.
References should be formatted according to Vancouver guidelines. You can find the Vancouver Style Guide by clicking on the link above:
Tables should be numbered consecutively (use Arabic numbers).
Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
Each table should appear after the Reference section on a separate page and should have a brief, self-explanatory title.
No vertical/horizontal lines in between columns/rows should be drawn and each table should not exceed 12 columns.
Column headings should be brief.
Nil results should be indicated by ND (not detected), while absence of data by the sign „-‟. The mean±SD/SEM should be indicated as footnote.
Figures and Illustrations
All illustrations should be provided in a form and size with proper legibility for reproduction and each figure should not exceed half the size of A4 page and letters should not be less than 12 points size to maintain legibility when reduced to single column size.
All photographs, charts and diagrams should be indicated as "Figure(s)" and numbered consecutively as per the order of appearance in the text.
All figures should have a legend written at the bottom.
Original photographs must be supplied as separate file, at the time of manuscript submission.
Use standard abbreviations. A few are: ml (millimetre), g (gram), t (ton), mM (milli mole), d (days), min (minutes), h (hours), sec (seconds), ha (hectare), SD (standard deviation), kD (kilo Dalton), SE (standards error), wt (weight), DOS (days of storage), mol wt (molecular weight). The binomial Latin names of microorganisms, plants and animals should be italicized.